Tuesday, January 24, 2012

January 24

 
Mga komiks (comics) na lumabas sa sirkulasyon sa buwan ng Enero

 
January 24
January 24 (1946): Liwayway: Pitak ng mga Kasaysayang Isinalarawan
On the Cover: “Pistolero,” a joint komiks series by Francisco V. Coching & Federico C. Javinal

January 24 in Philippine History:
1744 – Beginning of the Dagohoy Revolt (led by Francisco Dagohoy) in the island of Bohol, that lasted more than 85 years, the longest revolt against the Spaniards in the Philippines.
1979 – The Health Science Center of the University of the Philippines was created by Presidential Executive Order No. 519.
2011 – Environmental advocate and radio broadcaster Gerry Ortega was murdered along the national highway in Puerto Princesa City, Palawan. Ortega, earlier, vehemently opposed mining in the biodiversity-rich province of Palawan. His death spawn the launching of “Save Palawan Movement” in gathering 10 million signatures to stop mining in the province.


Pinoy personalities and celebrities born on January 24:
1920 – Manuel T. Yan, soldier, diplomat, peacemaker, and youngest to hold the position of AFP Chief of Staff (May 28, 1968) – in Sta. Cruz, Manila.



PAYASO
Noly Panaligan’s “Payaso” on the cover of
Tagalog Klasiks No. 0093, January 24, 1953.
          Ang likhang-isip ni Nolasco “Noly” Panaligan na “Payaso” ay lumabas sa Tagalog Klasiks noong 1953. Ang payaso sa English ay “clown.” Pero higit na tumutugma ang pagsasalarawan ng payaso sa “harlequin” o “court jester.” Naaangkop ito sapagkat payaso ang tawag sa mga tagapagpatawa sa bulwagan ng mga palasyo noong sinaunang panahon.
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Mga Hulang Pumalpak
          Alam niyo ba na sa dinadami ng mga nanghuhula ng mga mangyayaring disaster sa mundo, wala pang kalahati ng isang porsyento ang tumatama? Maliban sa naisulat na sa Bibliya, halos lahat ng mga sinasabing “hula” ng mga magaganap na sakuna sa mundo ng mga tinaguriang “prophets of doom” ay pumalpak! Sa mga sari-saring hula na kinolekta ng The People’s Almanac noong 1981, mula sa mga iba’t-ibang di-umano’y astrologers, psychic, clairvoyants at visionaries, wala pang dalawang porsyento ang maituturing na tumama!
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          Noong A.D. 960, hinulaan ni Bernard, isang di-umano’y visionary sa Thuringia, Germany, na magugunaw ang mundo sa araw na tumapat ang Biyernes Santo sa March 25 (Araw ng Annunciation). Dumating ang araw na ito noong A.D. 992; nagkaroon ng malaking pagkakagulo sa boong Europe, subalit pumalpak ang hula ni Bernard.
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          Sa tuwing magkakaroon ng planetary alignment, maraming astrologers ang nanghuhula ng malawakang disaster na magaganap sa mundo. Una na rito si Juan de Toledo. Noong 1179, sinabi niya na ayon sa kaniyang kalkulasyon, magkakaroon ng alignment ang mga planeta sa ilalim ng signos ng Libra sa Setyembre 1186, at ito ay magdudulot ng malalakas na bagyo at lindol. Tama ang kalkulasyon niya; nagkaroon ng planetary alignment, subalit palpak ang sinabi niyang magkakabagyo at lindol.
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          Si Jean de Royer (1732-1798), isang madre sa kumbento ng Brittany, France, ay nakita umano sa kaniyang pangitain na sa pagtatapos ng papacy sa taong 2000, magkakaroon ng malawakang lindol at digmaan, at lilitaw ang anti-Christ. Pumalpak ang lahat ng hula niya.
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          Ayon sa isang di-umano’y psychic na nagngangalang Dennis Conkin, magkakaroon ng digmaan sa pagitan ng China at U.S.S.R. noong 1983. Palpak!
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          Ayon kay Jeane Dixon, papaslangin ang pope na magtutuloy sa World War III noong 1999. Halos ganito rin ang nilalaman ng ikatlong hula ng Lady of Fatima, sa Portugal noong 1917, na ibinigay sa magkakapatid na Lucia, Francisco at Jacinta dos Santos na mangyayari umano bago ang taong 2000. Parehong pumalpak!
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          Sabi naman ng psychic counselor na si Ann Fisher, madidiskubre ang lihim ng Atlantis sa isang paghuhukay sa pagitan ng Great Pyramid at ng Sphinx sa Egypt noong 2000. Palpak!
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          Ang mga predictions ni Francie Steiger, isang internationally known psychic: Sa taong 1984, ang mga kotse daw ay lulutang na sa hangin; sa 1992, mawawala na raw ang pollution sa mundo; sa taong 1994, ang average lifespan daw ng tao ay aabot ng 120 years; sa taong 2001, ang Earth daw ay magiging miyembro ng Interstellar Federation. Palpak lahat!
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HISTORY AND PREHISTORY:
RECONCILING THE BIBLE WITH SCIENCE
          The oldest known man-made relic on Earth was dated to be around 8,000 years old, found at the first Eridu settlement during the Ubaid period in Sumeria. Scientific and historical studies confirmed this to be around 1,500 years pre-Noachian (before Noah and the Great Flood), based on sedimentary formation of the excavated site. This calculation approximates that of Biblical accounts of 1656 years considering there is a 130 years gap before Adam had his third son Seth outside of Eden (Genesis 5:3).
Illustration of “Genesis” - Creation and Adam and Eve by
legendary Filipino Master Illustrator Nestor Redondo
          Indeed the time frame from Adam to the Noachian Deluge, according to Biblical accounts (Genesis 5), is exactly 1,656 years. In fact, if you compute the ages of Adam’s descendants up to the time of the flood, you will find out that the death of Methuselah (the oldest man in the Bible at 969 years old) coincided with the Great Flood. This in a sense is the beginning of man’s history. But there is also such a thing as pre-history. Adam was created on the sixth day; what about before that?
          According to the Bible, “God existed before time began” (Psalms 93:2) and “one day and a thousand years is the same to God” (Psalms 90:4, 2 Peter 3:8). I hold on to this as “fact” and not mere conjecture or rhetoric. Allow me, however, to inject my analysis. Since God, in the beginning, was in the universal void, then the six days mentioned in Genesis constitute six “universal days” and not six Earth days.
          In science we know that one complete rotation of the Earth on its axis equals one day; one complete revolution of the Earth around the Sun is equivalent to one year. But everything in the universe is moving. The Milky Way, the galaxy to which our Solar System belongs is about 100,000 light years in diameter. The Earth, the Sun; the entire Solar System lies at the outer rim of the Milky Way. Nobody has yet been able to compute the exact time it would take the Solar System to have a complete revolution around the Milky Way. That’s only for starter.
          The cross-sectional distance of the galactic system to which the Milky Way and 30 other known galaxies belong is approximately 5.3 million light years. For the size of the Universe, on the other hand, all the great scientific minds of the world can only speculate its near-infinity – and it’s still expanding! Science itself admits that only five percent of the Universe is known and this reality is written in the Bible (Job 9:7-10, 11:7-8).
          The oldest known mineral on Earth – Zircon – was measured to be around 4.4 billion years old. Most scientists place the age of the Universe to be around 13.7 billion years old. Having known the aforementioned parameters, let us go back to the Bible. In Verse 1 of Genesis 1, “God created the Universe,” and in Verse 2, the Earth was mentioned as “still formless and desolate.” Base on science, the two verses constitute a difference of 9.3 billion years.
          Since everything in the Universe is moving away from the point of origin, time duration is therefore relative to every point in the expanding universal sphere. It is, however, given that in the initial moment of Creation, the so-called “Big Bang” in science, the energy released was so powerful that everything traveled so far away in an instance, as such time carries an exponential duration. That’s Verse 1 of Genesis!
          When the Earth was set in place (“still formless and desolate” – Verse 2) around 4.4 billion years ago, simultaneously creating light everywhere as a consequence of nuclear formation (Verse 3-4). Thereafter the energy of Creation began to subside; the ozone layer began to form above the Earth (around two billion years ago); gravity became a force that separate one heavenly body after another from the great void of space (Verse 6-8). The expansion slows down and so does time duration for each particle of space. The Earth began to form; “land is separated from the sea (Verse 9-10). According to science, the supercontinents began to break up some 600 to 800 million years ago. As the Earth started to clear up from the geologic chaos, plants appeared before any animals on Earth. The Bible tells the same account (Verse 11-13). The expansion continues to slow down, and the orbits of the moons and the planets developed; the Solar System is in its final constitution (Verse 14-19, c.f. Psalms 74:16-17). The Paleozoic and Mesozoic Eras (120-520 million years ago) heralded the coming of Earth’s first animals, great and huge – the prehistoric creatures: Trilobites and dinosaurs. The Bible also tells the same things, which understandably not quite specific, but still incredibly relevant (Verse 20-23). Then God created all the kinds of animals, domestic and wild, that we know today (Verse 24-25).

Illustration of a simplified representation of the timeline of “Creation” using both science and Biblical perspective (Copyright by Ernesto Lawagan).
          Finally, the advent of Man, which was created in God’s image (Verse 26-30). Note that this part of Earth’s chronology (and anthropology) is the subject of tremendous debates: How long ago was the advent of the first human beings on Earth? Again if we talk of apes or ape-like anthropoids, there’s no arguments – the estimate of 65 million years ago is just about right. But if we talk of humans, then the arguments start. Remember that even science does not have an exact duration of time for Earth’s specific prehistory. It is, however, quite clear that the timeline is correct in the Biblical perspective.
          Now, let us get back to the slowing down of the universal “genesis.” In the Bible, the advent of man is between the completion of the sixth day and the beginning of the seventh day. Considering there has yet a fixed time duration, it could be from between 10,000 to 100,000 years ago. While Adam’s age was given in Genesis, it was base on time constituted after the seventh day.
          The creation of the universe according to the Bible was completed by the end of the sixth day. “By the seventh day God finished what he had been doing and stopped working. He rested and declared the day as holy...” (Genesis 2:1-4). As a consequence of the completion of the universe, time now becomes a fixed standard unit, no longer a variable based on universal expansion. The time that Adam and Eve were driven out of Eden approximates the time of the earliest settlement in Sumeria, around 8,000 years ago. The Bible, science, archaeology and history point to the same specific time and place. [For more interesting facts about the Holy Scriptures, read my other blog: In the Bible.]
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Fernando Poe Jr and wife Susan Roces on the cover
of Mr. & Ms. Magazine January 24, 1984 issue.

Larawang Tribiya
          Sina Fernando Poe Jr (1939-2004) at Susan Roces ang tinaguriang “King and Queen of Philippine Movies.” Una silang nagtambal sa pelikulang Ang Daigidig Ko’y Ikaw (1965), sa ilalim ng direksiyon ni Efren Reyes. Nagkasama sila sa 17 pelikula.                          
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1 comment:

  1. Well-written and very unique and new topics. I like it!

    ReplyDelete